Sunday, May 23, 2010

The Clergy Must Apologize to Kenyans and Most of all Repent!

In reiterating Tome Francis' piece on the increasing repel effect the clergy are having as they campaign against the proposed constitution. The revelations that they have been receiving funding from Secret colonial and imperial sources, is utmost shocking and worth of investigations. The Clergy should lead by example by not receiving funds from secret sources without divulging the information to the public.

The announcement that they will use the Tithes to campaign against the constitution, is not only evil, but also sinful in itself. We all know our country is suffering from lack of morals. This is because of the laxity in the church to instill those values in its populace.

We all know of many communities that are suffering from hunger and starvation, yet the church collects billions in tithes and offerings and do not prioritize to instill human dignity. We know we have thousands of homeless children loitering all over major towns and cities in the country, yet the church wants to burn billions of shillings in a futile effort of killing the ambition of Kenyans to attain a new constitution.

When human dignity, values system and moral authority is compromised for simple worldly gains, democracy ceases to have  a meaning. The Kenyan clergy are becoming experts in perpetrating that which is wrong and abdicating their basic duty of leading our country to Yonda of moral and spiritual growth.

The christian constitution according to God has already been cast in stone by the Bible. The members of the clergy are limited to that basic tool and its substitutes as used in the church. Any other approach to start interfering with that which is of Caesar will ruff God the wrong way.

Who will Kenya turn to when evil is catching up with our country if our Church Leaders are out there mingling with would be ICC - Hague guests? Who will stand in the gap in this increasing failure in value system and moral upbringing in our society if those who are to uphold them are busy Chris crossing the country using secret funds from Lobbyists and Sinners from the WEST?

I pray to god to forgive them for they do not know what they are doing? Who shall save Kenya? The Clergy has completely lost it and as thus Faithful Kenyans (The Flock) have been left to wander in spiritual oblivion while their master is tossing and celebrating with the immoral?

I here by ask all the members of the clergy who are out there doing what is not meant for them, to step down before their Mighty Fall and Eternal Embarrassment immediacy Kenya attains its Second Constitutional Rebirth.

Emmanuel Dennis

On Sat, May 22, 2010 at 10:23 PM, TOME FRANCIS <> wrote:
The clergy have increasingly been made a butt of many cynical jokes. This is because the faithful have developed a cynical distrust of them. And it is quite easy to understand the anger and frustration from the faithful. Big money allegedly from the "clergy' is threatening to corrode our democracy. But it is not only the money from the clergy (which is actually a lingering misnomer for the church). We also have undue influence from the filthy wealthy cabal who in communion with the clergy are pulling their massive resources together to debilitate the process for essential reforms in this country. Judging by their countrywide campaigns which are awash with all sorts of posters, leaflets and other political rally appurtenances, we have no doubt that colossal sums of money are involved. And, it cannot just be the contributions made by the Christian faithful. There must be undisclosed sources from which these colossal sums of money come from. And since the source(s) is a highly guarded secret, this can only be the kind of money whose aim is to pervert democracy. We all know that it can only be a perversion of democracy for a section of the clergy and politicians to rely on massive financial resources rather than prayer and ideology to influence the referendum outcome. This perversion has been made possible by the very fact that at the moment there is very weak legislation that prohibits political groupings and individuals from sourcing and spending unregulated funds in a political campaign. Is it not time that the conscientious public demanded full disclosures of all contributions and disbursements that have so far gone to the No camp? If indeed it is the money from the faithful, is its use not inconsistent with the purpose for which it was given? We need to know whether the faithful were consulted by the clergy before their tithes were injected into this muddy referendum campaign exercise. This is because no clergy on any pretext whatsoever can elect to use the church resources for purposes other than that which they are meant for. By using the faithful's money in a political campaign, the clergy have succumbed to their appetites and lost their spirit among the singularly intricate temptations of the world of politics. By the end of the referendum campaign, the clergy will have to deal with the fact that they will increasingly be seen by the faithful as having become a misnomer and a cover for socio-political stagnation. As for the Yes Team, I wish to remind them that commitment and consensus in strategy are prerequisites for a successful campaign. They must try to counter the floodgate of lies perpetuated by the naysayers. They must also deal decisively with those in their midst who have concealed their inner self behind the glib mask of duplicity. TOME FRANCIS, BUMULA.

Posted By TOME FRANCIS to KENYA YOUNG VOTERS ALLIANCE at 5/22/2010 10:20:00 PM

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Emmanuel Dennis Ngongo
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Stockholm, Sweden
Cell: +46706048398

Tuesday, May 18, 2010

The World Bank in the hot seat -- Africa General


Title: The World Bank in the hot seat
Author: GRAIN
Category: Africa General
Date: 5/4/2010
Source: GRAIN
Source Website:

African Charter Article# 21: All peoples shall freely dispose of their wealth and natural resources for their exclusive interest, eliminating all forms of foreign economic exploitation.

Summary & Comment: The World Bank is marching ahead with plans to facilitate global land grabs and refusing to release a report that confirms the negative impacts of such deals for local communities. At its recent annual land conference, where the report was to be launched, the Bank tried to redirect the land grab discussion towards "win-win" solutions. Given the Bank's staunch corporate bias and the growing public rejection of its "principles" for socially responsible land grabbing its strategy failed. GRAIN

The World Bank in the hot seat

Members of the National Family Farm Coalition/Via Campesina outside of the headquarters of the Millennium Challenge Corporation greeting participants to the Roundtable on Responsible Agricultural Investment, Washington DC, April 25, 2010.

A curious thing happened last week. A lot of people were under the impression that the World Bank was going to release its long-awaited study on global land grabs at its annual land conference in Washington DC on 26 April 2010. This is what GRAIN was told. It's what many journalists were told. And it's what those involved in producing the study expected. But it didn't happen. Instead, the Bank gave another powerpoint presentation summarising what the study will show, reiterated its proposed seven principles for "socially responsible" land grabs and unveiled its new business-to-business website – a kind of internet dating service to match up corporate land grabbers and government land givers.

This is not the first time that this study has been delayed. Indeed, ever since the Bank started compiling the data for it, tight political reins have been put on any public sharing of the results. They initially said the report would be out in December 2009. Then it was supposed to be March 2010. Then, we were assured, it would be released at the land conference last week. We do know that all of the research and analysis was completed long ago. So what's holding the Bank back?

Bad news

The partial glimpse of the study presented in Washington last week sheds some light on an answer. The Bank initially wanted to do a comprehensive study of 30 countries, the hot spots for the land grabs. But it had to cut back severely on its expectations because, as it admits, the governments would not provide them with information. The corporations wouldn't talk either, we were told by people writing the country chapters. This in itself is a powerful statement that says volumes about the hush-hush nature of these deals. If the World Bank can't get access to the information, who can?

The Bank decided instead to base its study on the projects that have been reported by the media and captured on the website. The Bank identified nearly 400 projects in 80 countries in this way, nearly one quarter (22%) of which are already being implemented. The study thus makes it plain that the global land grab is very real and moving along faster and further than many have assumed

What the World Bank study is expected to say

NB: GRAIN has not seen the World Bank's report. The following is drawn simply from publicly available documents, plus some verification from World Bank staff and consultants.

The World Bank study focuses on large-scale farmland acquisitions of the last few years – what we all call land grabbing. While it largely confirms many things we already know, people have been awaiting the release of this report because the Bank was supposed to get access to more information than anyone else up to now. After all, most of these deals are shrouded in secrecy and controversy, and attract accusations of neocolonialism, even genocide. The Bank inventorised 389 land deals in 80 countries. The bulk (37%) of the so-called investment projects are meant to produce food (crops and livestock), while biofuels come in second place (35%). Unsurprisingly, Africa is the target of half the land grab projects, followed by Asia, Latin America and Eastern Europe.

In terms of countries being approached for their land, the Bank reveals that, in Africa, Sudan comes in first place, followed by Ghana and Madagascar. In Asia–Pacific, Indonesia ranks first, followed by the Philippines and Australia. In Latin America, Brazil is the favoured destination, then Argentina and Paraguay. In terms of country of origin of the land grabbers, China and the UK tie in the top slot, followed by Saudi Arabia.

Finally, the Bank did statistical analysis of what draws land grabbers to certain countries rather than others – the "probability" factors. Three are particularly noteworthy: land availability, low mechanisation and weak land governance. This means that investors will prioritise places where:
(a) it is relatively easy to get control over people's land;
(b) large-scale holdings are possible; and
(c) bringing in machinery will yield quick productivity gains.

The Bank's most significant findings, however, are about the impacts of these projects on local communities. Its overwhelming conclusion, shared at the land conference last week, is that these projects are not providing benefits to local communities. Environmental impact assessments are rarely carried out, and people are routinely booted off their land, without consultation or compensation. The Bank even revealed that investors are deliberately targeting areas where there is "weak land governance". It is hard to see how, given these damning findings, the Bank could come up with anything positive to say about this new wave of foreign investment in farmland; this probably explains its reluctance to release the report.

The Bank, after all, embarked on the study "to provide guidance to Bank clients (in government and the private sector) and partners who may be faced with or interested in large scale land acquisition so as to enable them to maximize the long-term benefits from such investments." 1 And, while its study waits in limbo, the Bank is becoming more and more committed to making the land grabs happen. European investors, for instance, say that they will be using the Bank's Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency to provide them with political risk insurance for their farmland deals. Should anything backfire, "You'll have the World Bank on your side," says Gary Vaughan-Smith of London-based SilverStreet Capital LLP, which recently launched a US$300-million fund to invest in farmland in Africa. "They're going to have enormous clout if there are any difficulties." 2

Not winning anyone over

The problem for the Bank and the other land grab promoters, however, is that hardly anyone is fooled by talk of "win–win" guidelines or codes or principles to make it all work for everyone's benefit. No matter how hard they try, they can't shake the "land grab" label or stigma off these transactions. "Here's what I'm sure of", weighs in Howard Buffet, son of Warren Buffet, in an Oakland Institute report released in time for the Bank's conference last week. "These deals will make the rich richer and the poor poorer, creating clear winners who benefit while the losers are denied their livelihoods." 3

If the Bank and its friends at partner UN agencies hoped that last week's events in Washington would finally give them some control over the land grab discussion, they were mistaken. More than 100 groups from more than 100 countries crashed their party by releasing a common declaration a few days before, which denounced their "seven principles" for socially responsible land grabbing. They didn't beat about the bush. As they see it, on the ground, this land grab is nothing but a massive transfer of lands from small food producers to foreign corporations, from sustainable farms to industrial plantations, and these groups were making it crystal clear that they are committed to throwing this trend into reverse. Against this, the Bank's "win–win", or responsible investment initiative, looks hollower than ever.

Going further

The World Bank conference materials are being posted online here:

Reports and statements reflecting the social movement against the World Bank's proposals for "socially responsible" land grabbing are available at: :

Anyone can join or respond to the collective statement against win–win land grabbing drawn up by La Vía Campesina and allies at: (English), (French), (Spanish) and (Arabic).

  1. World Bank, "Large scale acquisition of land rights for agricultural or natural resource-based use, Concept note", 18 February 2009.
  2. Drew Carter, "Fertile ground for investment," Pensions & Investments, 19 April 2010:
  3. Oakland Institute, "(Mis)investment in agriculture: The role of the International Finance Corporation in the global land grab," 26 April 2010:

Disclaimer: Opinions expressed in this article are those of the writer(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the AfricaFiles' editors and network members. They are included in our material as a reflection of a diversity of views and a variety of issues. Material written specifically for AfricaFiles may be edited for length, clarity or inaccuracies.

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Wednesday, May 12, 2010

The 10 Investment Ideas that will create the next millions of Jobs

Ten Investment ideas that will create the next millions of Jobs

Emmanuel Dennis May 11th 2010


  1. Investment in Solar Energy

Organizing youth groups to create distribution networks for Solar Lamps in Rural Communities that do into have access to Electricity. Over 80% of rural Africa does not have access to Electricity. Off-grid communities can produce their own electricity through mini grids and are nearly self-sustaining.


  1. Investment in Eco Charcoal Production

Millions of homes around the world are dependent on wood fuel for their home and commercial use leading to depletion of the forest cover and leading to global warming. Production of Eco-Charcoal from dry agricultural biomass will help in saving forests and create millions of green Jobs for communities.


  1. Juice Extraction and Processing Plants

Thousands of communities have natural fruit plantations but they lack markets and technicalities for preserving and processing the produce. This investment will offer machines to extract juice and pulp from various fruits like pineapple, apples, oranges, Mangoes etc. These machines are easy to use as well as clean to maintain. It offers machines for making juice, pulp, paste, crushing fruits, homogenize etc. Millions of Rural Homes are able to invest in this system and create thousands of jobs. The same technology could be applied to agro-based business: e.g plant oil extraction for sale in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.


  1. Brick making Technologies

Rural Development is on the increase with schools, homes, industries and many other construction projects going on everyday. This is a huge market especially in both rural and urban areas. The technology found in many of the communities is old and time consuming and at the same time very expensive. There is an increasing need for environmental friendly and energy efficient brick making kilns that groups can use to serve the ever increasing need for bricks. Customers will not only be able to obtain "fresh" bricks throughout the year but will also greatly contribute towards a cleaner environment and to the reduction of GHG, therefore slowing the global warming which is threatening our entire planet.


  1. Waste management.

A famous quote of waste is business. The waste human beings produce on daily basis is of immense proportions in size. The waste can be transformed into humongous employment opportunities for communities. From Recycling that transforms the products into usable devices, to producing human dependent commodities such as fertiliser, compressed gas and many more. We can have clean, healthy communities that are self sustaining through their own initiatives at local levels.




  1. ICT based business e.g making mobile applications

Young people are embracing ICT as their ''In-Thing'' Millions of the unemployed youth can tap into the ever growing and complex ICT based business.  Innovative mobile ICT services can work in employing the youth. Services like mobile tourist guides or shopping guides for consumers. To join the bandwagon, technology and service providers (contributors) combine their expertise and resources to design these services. This incorporates designing of several models: the value net (Value network), a Value proposition, a Revenue Model and a Technological architecture will revolutionize the world.


  1. On-farm and off-farm Technologies

Exploring agriculture extension services for bringing micro credit to help set up small enterprises, provide business development services. Working with rural banks (where they exist), micro credit institutions and cooperatives, and youth groups to set up agricultural credit schemes to help young people acquire livestock, equipment and other productive assets of their own. Developing community based entrepreneurial/enterprise development-based education programs for young women in rural areas through vocational training, integrating elements of micro-entrepreneurship in the curriculum


  1. Water and Sanitation Technolgies

Developing rain water-harvesting methods for communities to secure supplies and manage their own systems. Building and maintaining low cost toilets in the rural areas and tackle the sanitation needs of the people in the villages. Building and maintaining hand pumps to provide water supply to rural communities. Developing effective on-farm water technologies.


  1. Information Communication Technology

Developing "Youth in Business Centers" to help young men and women explore credit options and financial management programs and assist in marketing, product development and access to a wide array of books, manuals, videos and other materials related to starting and maintaining a small business. Developing web-based services such as website development assistance, e-marketing, and distance learning and on-line business development programs. Supporting agriculture though ICT tools.


  1. Entrepreneurship 101 Training for communities

For the ideas generated above, there needs a value chain for training, skills and technology transfer for communities to self sustain the technologies and enterprises. The Training program will integrate all components as explained and provide open source modules for replication.


This are my ten employment potential enterprises that should be presented as entrepreneurship based ventures for investment.


Emmanuel Dennis


Monday, May 10, 2010

The World in Which I live in

Late in March 2010, I made a visit to one of the communities in Kitui West Constituency in Eastern Part of Kenya. The mission being to find out the thinking of the local people on whether they would prefer Solar Energy for home use. We drive off from Nairobi at 10.00am with a few other colleagues. As we move in the beauty of the green environment, I am reminded of a few months earlier when the place was completely dry and how the people were starving and surviving on wild fruits and rodents for their daily meals.

After two and half hours drive, the tarmac road comes to an end and we enter a rough terrain. We drive for another 40 Kilometer in the interior. The villages of the greater Yatta Plateau are sparse and wide.  I spot three men in their late 50's and stop to talk with them. They are very happy to engage with me. I tell them my mission in the village is to find out whether they would prefer using Kerosene or solar Lamps for their home use. One of them exclaims that Solar Lanterns are very expensive and out of reach. I ask how much he spends to buy kerosene and he tells me sometimes he uses money and sometimes he has to sell one of his animals in the homestead to get cash for school fees for his children and food for daily use.

Such is the life in the village where people live in absolute poverty. Talking of living on a dollar a day is a dream. They have never seen a dollar in their life and all they depend on is the old barter trader. When I explain to them about the economies of subsidizing solar lanterns and why it is important for them to consider changing dependency on Kerosene, they all node in excitement and we get into details of how it works. One of them is extremely excited and asks that we bring a sample so that he can use it to believe it.

The villagers believe that if they get hold of the life changing devises, they will stop their dependence on Kerosene and stop walking long distances of over 40 Kilometers per day to go and charge their mobile phones. They tell me almost all the homes will be willing to buy them if it makes economic sense.


We set off to visit a few schools and on our way our 4x4 car gets stuck in a sandy path in a dry river bed. It hasn't rained for a long time and as such the seasonal river has completely dried. The villagers come to finally rescue us and we pulled off after three hours of struggle. At the next stop we find the village chief and the school head teacher waiting for us to hear the kind of news we have brought them. They say they have never seen any Non Governmental Organizations in their communities and so they will be very supportive of the imitative that we are seeking to establish in the area. But they are wary, that we look so young and might not be genuine. Young people are not supposed to be concerned about development initiatives.

As we trail further through the village we see fresh mango trees, we stop by to quench our thirst as my colleagues pluck out the Sweet Mangoes. A thought crosses my mind on how the villagers can utilize the high mango yields. My interrogation further reveals that the season ends after five moth of high yet wasteful yields. The villagers have to content with the lack of preservation and processing units to make sure they make ultimate use of their harvests instead of wasting them due to lack of Markets. One of the Women Entrepreneurs tells me that they have only 2 busses that leave from the village to the nearest Kitui Town which is 100KM away. If you miss the bus then you have to wait for the next day. The bus is always generally full since there are many travelers. As such the villagers have no choice but to squeeze in any small space available on the bus. To even get their produce to the next Town that offers better opportunities is a dream.


A woman shares her experience on how the area has a huge infestation of deadly snakes. She shares a harrowing experience of how children can be bitten by a snake and just dies on the way to the nearest hospital that is over 50KM away. With lack of infrastructure and health facilities, one will die since help is a dream too far to be achieved. It is already too dark, and we have to drive back to Nairobi. I recollect my day and wonder how on earth we can be so divided yet we all are human beings created to make earth a better place to live in.


Through YES Kenya, we want to be part of the solution. We are extinguishing 1 million Kerosene Lamps from villages like Kitui. Through our model distribution network by the youth, we will create jobs, as we light up rural East Africa. The villages offer many opportunities. Eco Charcoal, Juice Extraction, Preservation and Processing, and many other investment ideas will help rural villagers create opportunities for sustainable livelihoods using locally available resources but integrating a business model. YES Kenya is a basic idea factory for various Value Chains for replication across the continent. We need your support in Reworking the World.


YES Kenya Country Network Email:


Adopt a change maker ...and be a part of the 5th Global YES Summit - Rework The World

Emmanuel Dennis Ngongo
Tallberg Foundation
Blassieholmstorg 8, S-111 48
Stockholm, Sweden
Cell: +46706048398

Saturday, May 8, 2010

The Generic Distribution Model by YES Kenya

Emmanuel Dennis Ngongo

The Replication Models from Kenya at Rework the World

Dear Good People,

The Preparations for the Rework the World Summit are coming out very well. I look forward to meeting with innovators, thinkers, doers and financiers in taking the replications to the next level. Through YES Kenya, a multi-stakeholder network of young people and partners, we will be presenting a unique distribution model that investors and producers of innovative life changing products can use to have a market in the communities. After several intensive thinking sessions, we have developed a working model, piloted it and now it has a proven record that it is possible to use unemployed youth in communities, belonging to youth groups to create a distribution network across the country. This model is generic and can be used for any products. The aim is to make sure that we create opportunities for the thousands of youth members in the communities.

In reworking the world, this will be our contribution. We expect sustainable partnerships. The different components of the model include

  1. Identification and enrolment of Youth groups
  2. Screening and interviews with youth entrepreneurs
  3. Development of Skills based training modules fitting various products for distribution
  4. Identifying the markets and providing researched data.
  5. Piloting of the projects with the replication models and Scaling up to wider geographic area.

We know that majority of the youth lack the start up capital to do business, we provide the skills and the social collateral and link up with Micro Finance Institutions willing to finance the project where the products need heavy investments.

Some of the products we are piloting currently are

1) Entrepreneurship 1010 - Develop a High end Youth Business Training Curriculum

YES Kenya network is working to develop a locally designed entrepreneurship training curriculum. The curriculum will help create markets and unleash entrepreneurship in the grass root areas of Kenya by helping young people to identify business opportunities, prepare their business plans and compete for the best ideas.

YES Kenya has finalized a public survey to identify needs on entrepreneurship development among youth that will aid in developing the curriculum. The project will help young people identify business opportunities, prepare their business plans and compete for the best ideas through training, incubation, coaching and scale up. The program will integrate financial linkages for small scale risk capital, start up funding and innovative business development services for youth entrepreneurs to start their businesses.

2) Young Solar Entrepreneurship Project


YES Kenya is currently carrying out a Young Solar Entrepreneurship Project that seeks to extinguish 1 million Kerosene Lamps in Communities in Kenya. The first pilot was launched in March of 2010 in Kitui West Constituency where two schools have benefited from the Large Scale Community Solar Panels Installations. Over 1000 community members will benefit from its entrepreneurship component. Over 30 Young and Women Entrepreneurs are also geared to set up distribution networks through the Energy Kiosks that will be established in the community. The second pilot will be established in Western and Nyanza Provinces with replication expected in all the 8 provinces.


  1. Eco Charcoal Production

Eco Charcoal Production from dry agricultural biomass, this charcoal is generally cheaper than wood charcoal and does not produce Carbon Dioxide and it is very safe and clean. The Markets are amazingly huge since trees are very expensive and it is illegal to log down trees. We are thus contributing to environmental safety.

There are more Pilots that will be rolled out soon once we find financing for them. This include the following;


1.          Renewable Energy


          Creating sustainable alternative energy sources for agro-based industries.

          Designing and installing small power plants for institutions.

          Maintaining renewable energy systems and selling and installing small home solar systems/panels.

          Manufacturing solar lanterns for fishing activities during the night and renewable energy based ICTs to enhance access to income generation opportunities.

           Installing and maintaining solar-powered community facilities in rural areas.


2.          On-farm and off-farm


          Exploring agriculture extension services for bringing micro credit to help set up small enterprises, provide business development services.

          Working with rural banks (where they exist), micro credit institutions and cooperatives, and youth groups to set up agricultural credit schemes to help young people acquire livestock, equipment and other productive assets of their own.

          Developing community based entrepreneurial/enterprise development-based education programs for young women in rural areas through vocational training, integrating elements of micro-entrepreneurship in the curriculum


3.          Water and Sanitation


          Developing rain water-harvesting methods for communities to secure supplies and manage their own systems.

          Building and maintaining low cost toilets in the rural areas and tackle the sanitation needs of the people in the villages.

          Building and maintaining hand pumps to provide water supply to rural communities.

          Developing effective on-farm water technologies.


4.    Information Communication Technology


          Developing "Youth in Business Centers" to help young men and women explore credit options and financial management programs and assist in marketing, product development and access to a wide array of books, manuals, videos and other materials related to starting and maintaining a small business.

          Developing web-based services such as website development assistance, e-marketing, and distance learning and on-line business development programs.

          Supporting agriculture though ICT tools.

Our Focus at the Rework the World is to profile the work of YES Kenya and its potential to create millions of jobs for youth in communities in East Africa and thus contributing towards creating the next 2 billion jobs for the world's youth through the following itemized focus.

  • Designing a concrete youth social entrepreneurship replication model for support and implementation in East Africa that will benefit thousands of youth through entrepreneurship trainings and skills transfer.
  • We are targeting strategic linkages with networks which will lead to partnerships that will enhance YES Kenya's idea generator for piloting and replication

Rework the World offers an amazing opportunity for us to meet and exchange ideas, present concrete plans and create lasting partnerships that will help us create sustainable livelihoods for the youth.

We need your support and Help

…All good ideas are pipe-dreams if not backed by committed leadership and investment – we are seeking yours. We need your help to move the Youth Entrepreneurship Agenda to the next level to our shared passion for generating youth employment to the resources that can make it happen. We  have identified promising sectors for employment generation; discovered quantifiable, innovative and practical solutions; and overseen the development of a national-wide youth network of over 8000  members that provide the perfect vehicle for unleashing the talents and energies of youth to create sustainable social enterprises. With your active involvement we can make a world of difference in the lives of thousands of youth in un reached communities in Africa.


We welcome you to meet us, talk with us and work together to change the World.


The Team

Country Coordinator – Emmanuel Dennis –,

Programs Manager – Linda Wamalwa –,

Projects Outreach Manager – Rachel Wariko –,  



Adopt a change maker ...and be a part of the 5th Global YES Summit - Rework The World

Emmanuel Dennis Ngongo
Tallberg Foundation
Blassieholmstorg 8, S-111 48
Stockholm, Sweden
Cell: +46706048398

Probable Facts of Oil Spill in Gulf of Mexico

Probable Facts of Oil Spill in Gulf of Mexico

Current numbers as per Friday April 7th 2010

More than 5,000 barrels of oil have poured into the Gulf of Mexico since a deep-water drilling rig leased to BP exploded, caught fire and sank last week. The Oil spills are estimated at a rate five times that suggested by initial estimates of a thousand barrels a day, based on underwater cameras that recorded the flow from leaks 5,000 feet (1,524 meters) below water.



According to the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), evidence points to the spill being five times worse—about 5,000 barrels a day.


Rear Adm. Mary E. Landry of the Coast Guard said a scientist from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration had concluded that oil is leaking at the rate of 5,000 barrels a day, from observations made in flights over the slick, studying the trajectory of the spill and other variables.


Wind patterns may push the spill into the coast of Louisiana. Part of the oil slick was only 16 miles offshore and closing in on the Mississippi River Delta, the marshlands at the southeastern tip of Louisiana where the river empties into the ocean.


In-Situ Burn: On Wednesday May 5th 2010 Cleanup crews began conducting an in-situ burn, a process that consists of corralling concentrated parts of the spill in a 500-foot-long fireproof boom, moving it to another location and burning it. Such burning also works only when oil is corralled to a certain thickness. Burns may not be effective for most of this spill, of which 97 percent is estimated to be an oil-water mixture. Until Wednesday 5th may 2010, the well had been estimated to be leaking 1,000 barrels, or 42,000 gallons, each day.

The response team has tried in vain to engage a device called a blowout preventer, a stack of hydraulically activated valves at the top of the well that is designed to seal off the well in the event of a sudden pressure release — a possible cause for the explosion on the rig.

The pressure of the oil coming from below might be so great that the valves cannot make an adequate seal. Or in the case of a shear ram, which is designed to cut through the drill pipe itself and seal it off, it might have encountered a tool joint, the thicker, threaded area where two lengths of drilling pipe are joined.


Assumptions of Continued Spillage

Friday 7th May 2010: Around 210,000 gallons of oil are pouring into the Gulf each day which is not close to the 11 million gallons of oil leaked into Alaska's Prince William Sound by the Exxon Valdez tanker 20 years ago. But if the leaks aren't repaired soon, the BP spill may overtake the Exxon Valdez tragedy in volume by the third week of June 2010.

The oil slick from the April 20 2010 explosion and blowout of the offshore oil rig Deepwater Horizon continues to affect the Louisiana coast near the mouth of the Mississippi River, and along the Chandelier Islands off the coast of Mississippi. Strong south to southeast winds blowing at 15 - 25 knots will continue through, which will push oil onto portions of the eastern Louisiana coast from the mouth of the Mississippi River northwards towards the Mississippi border.


However, the current trajectory forecasts now show the advance of the oil will slow over the next few days, despite the strong onshore winds.


Market Prices of the Oil Spillage

Shares in BP fell nearly 5% in the first week of June after the company warned that the cost of tackling the oil spill exceeds $6m (£4m) per day, and will keep rising as it intensifies its efforts to deal with the accident.

BP shares dropped to a low of 546p when trading in London began as City investors took their first opportunity to offload BP shares following the long weekend. This knocked more than £5bn off on Friday's 30th April 2010 market capitalization taking it to around £102.5bn. At the start of last week, the company was valued at £122bn.

Whilst difficult to accurately estimate, the cost to the MC252 owners of the efforts to contain the spill and secure the well is currently estimated to be more than $6m per day. This figure is rising as activity increases. It is too early to quantify other potential costs and liabilities associated with the incident.

Until BP can stop the oil leak, it will be impossible to estimate quite how badly this drama will play out. On a financial level, independent estimates on 2nd of May 2010 have put the final bill at anywhere between $3bn and $12bn (£2bn- £7.8bn).

Experts are warning that the rate at which the oil is pouring out from the mile-deep well could soon increase 10-fold, that one of the world's richest fisheries could be ruined for years, that Louisiana's vital wetlands could be destroyed, and that the slick could even work its way around the Florida peninsula to blacken its way up the American East Coast.

Cost of Clean Up

The leak is said to cost BP £4M a day - and may take 90 days to resolve - that's a cost of c. £360M. Revenue from this region's oil amount to $75Bn. On very rough figures the cost of this clean up around 0.7% of annual revenue compared to BP's profits for last year at $14BN.


The Gulf of Mexico has 3500 oil production platforms, producing 1 billion barrels of oil per year, or approximately $75 billion-worth at current prices.


The effect of the spill in Numbers from April 29th 2010

11 workers are missing and presumed dead following the BP rig explosion. (Source: Huffington Post) The explosion and sinking rig left 11 of the 126-member crew dead.

Leakage estimated at 5,000 barrels a day from the Deepwater Horizon rig -- five times faster than was originally estimated. (Source: New York Times)

April 30th 2010 - Spillage is costing BP $300 million to plug up the leaking oil spill, not including environmental clean-up costs. (Source: New York Times)

The Market Value Loss estimated at $25 billion in stock since last week's rig explosion. (Source: Huffington Post) on 29th April 2010.

16: Miles off the coast of Louisiana the oil slick has crept. (Source: New York Times) 29th April 2010.

By 30th April 2010 At least 30: Species of birds the Audubon Society says are potentially threatened by the oil spill. These include marsh birds, ocean-dwelling birds, and migratory songbirds. All reside in "Important Bird Areas," according to Audubon, designated because of their "essential habitat value."

25 million: Number of birds that traverse the Gulf Coast per day and which are potentially at risk from the oil spill. According to the LA Times Green space blog, "Late spring is the peak time for neo-tropical songbirds moving from the Yucatan Peninsula to make their first landfall in Louisiana," and "more than 70% of the country's waterfowl frequent the gulf's waters."(Source: LA Times Greenspace blog)

11 million: Number of gallons of oil leaked into Alaska's Prince William Sound in 1989 by the Exxon Valdez oil leak. It is widely considered the worst oil spill in U.S. history, although a number of larger spills have happened around the world, including the 2002 Prestige spill off Spain. (Source: CBS News) 29th April 2010.

400: Number of wildlife species threatened by the spill. Threatened species include sea life such as whales, tuna, and shrimp; dozens of species of birds; land animals such as the gray fox and white-tailed deer; and amphibians such as the alligator and the snapping turtle. (Source: New Orleans Times-Picayune) 30th April 2010

600 square miles: Latest reported size of the oil slick. In response to reports of the blooming size of the spill, Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal declared a state of emergency, anticipating that it would reach Louisiana's shores soon. (Source: CNN) 29th April 2010

Insurance Costs Reports from 29th April 2010

$1.5 billion: Amount in insurance claims experts believe the BP spill will cost insurers. (Source: Business Week) The growing oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, caused by a leaking BP Plc well, may cost the insurance industry as much as $1.5 billion in claims, according to Transatlantic Holdings Inc.

Transatlantic, the reinsurer divested by American International Group Inc., said its own costs from the spill may be less than $15 million. Partner Re Ltd., the reinsurer that purchased Paris Re Holdings Ltd., faces claims of $60 million to $70 million.

Montpelier Re Holdings Ltd., a Bermuda-based reinsurer, may have costs tied to the explosion of as much as $20 million. Hannover Re, Germany's second-biggest reinsurer, estimated a net loss of about 40 million euros ($53 million) from the accident.

The insurer holds contracts for the rig that may trigger two payments of $10 million each. JPMorgan Chase & Co. had estimated the insurance-industry cost would be $1.6 billion, in a report dated April 23.

Gulf Oil Spill - Bigger Than Exxon Valdez

The spill in the Gulf that could soon surpass the sorry benchmark set 20 years ago by the 11-million-gallon Exxon Valdez spill.



10 Famous Spills Since 1976

Amoco Cadiz

The Amoco Cadiz encountered stormy weather and ran aground off the coast of Brittany, France on March 16, 1978. Its entire cargo of 68.7 million gallons of oil spilled into the sea, polluting about 200 miles of Brittany's coastline.


Arabian Gulf Spills

Beginning in late January of the 1991 Gulf War, the Iraqi Army destroyed tankers, oil terminals, and oil wells in Kuwait, causing the deliberate release of an estimated 6-8 million barrels of oil.


Argo Merchant

On December 15, 1976, the Argo Merchant ran aground on Fishing Rip (Nantucket Shoals), 29 nautical miles southeast of Nantucket Island, Massachusetts in high winds and ten foot seas. Six days later, the vessel broke apart and spilled its entire cargo of 7.7 million gallons of No. 6 fuel oil.


Barge Bouchard 155

On August 10, 1993, three ships collided in Tampa Bay, Florida: the barge Bouchard 155, the freighter Balsa 37, and the barge Ocean 255. The Bouchard 155 spilled an estimated 336,000 gallons of No. 6 fuel oil into Tampa Bay.


Barge Cibro Savannah

On March 6, 1990, the Cibro Savannah exploded and caught fire while departing the pier at the Citgo facility in Linden, New Jersey. About 127,000 gallons of oil remained unaccounted for after the incident. No one knows how much oil burned and how much spilled into the environment.


Burmah Agate

On November 1, 1979, the Burmah Agate collided with the freighter Mimosa southeast of Galveston Entrance in the Gulf of Mexico. The collision caused an explosion and a fire on the Burmah Agate that burned until January 8, 1980. An estimated 2.6 million gallons of oil were released into the environment, and another 7.8 million gallons were consumed by the fire.


Exxon Valdez

On March 24, 1989, the Exxon Valdez ran aground on Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska. The tanker was traveling outside the normal shipping lanes in an attempt to avoid ice. It spilled 10.8 million gallons of oil (out of a total cargo of 53 million gallons) into the marine environment, and impacted more than 1,100 miles of non-continuous Alaskan coastline. State and Federal agencies continue to monitor the effects of this spill, which was the largest oil spill in U.S. history.


Ixtoc I

The 2-mile-deep exploratory well, Ixtoc I, blew out on June 3, 1979 in the Bay of Campeche off Ciudad del Carmen, Mexico. By the time the well was brought under control in March, 1980, an estimated 140 million gallons of oil had spilled into the bay. The Ixtoc I spill is currently #2 on the all-time list of largest oil spills of all time.



On September 16, 1990, the tank vessel Jupiter was offloading gasoline at a refinery on the Saginaw River near Bay City, Michigan, when a fire started on board and the vessel exploded.



The Megaborg released 5.1 million gallons of oil as the result of a lightering accident and subsequent fire. The incident occurred 60 nautical miles south-southeast of Galveston, Texas on June 8, 1990.



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